Origin of Silver Wedding Gifts

Although there are traditional and modern lists of gifts to give on a wedding anniversary, one of the anniversaries these lists have in common is the 25th wedding anniversary, known throughout the western world as the Silver Wedding Anniversary.

But how did the custom of giving a silver gift as a commemoration of 25-years of marriage begin and where did it start?

Most researchers say that the custom started at some unknown time in Middle Europe. In the Germanic region it was the custom for the husband to give his wife a wreath of silver too celebrate the anniversary. It’s unlikely that it would have been real silver, so perhaps it gained the name from white flowers in the wreath or even ribbons adorning it.

Wreaths have been used as ornamental headdresses since Roman times; made from flowers, laurels and thread they were worn on special occasions and especially at weddings. So it’s quite possible that the presentation of a silver wreath goes back 2,000 years.

The use of evergreen, such as laurels, in a wreath is a symbol for the strength of life and survival as these plants can endure harsh winters. So it could be that the wreath was symbolic of the marriage surviving the ups and downs of 25-years together.

In Germany the gift of Chrysanthemums is also associated with Silver Weddings, but as these flowers didn’t arrive in Europe until the 17th century, and as the original blooms had a golden colour, mediaeval Germans wouldn’t have been using them to decorate headdresses. Certainly 120 years ago the concept of the German silberhochzeit was unknown in England and it didn’t become so until the late Victorian period. In North America, German immigrants may have introduced it earlier.

So given it’s history what silver gifts can you give for a silver wedding and, other than the husband presenting his wife with a gift, who else can give a present?

Husbands can find all manner of silver gifts to give their wife, including silver jewellery such as silver bracelets. Wives can reciprocate with silver cufflinks monogrammed with engraved initials and perhaps a short message of affection.

If friends and family give presents, gifts such as silver candle holders, wine coasters, napkin rings and silver salt and pepper mills will be appreciated by couples who like to have an elegant dining table and enjoy entertaining at home.

All of these gifts will be hallmarked if they are sterling silver and can be engraved with the names of the couple and perhaps the date of the anniversary to remember the happy day.

Immigration in Masai Mara Kenya

Masai Mara Wildebeest Migration Overview:
Masai Mara Wildebeest Migration Safari: The annual wildebeest migration in Kenya and Tanzania is arguably the most spectacular natural event in Africa. More than 3 million large mammals have made the vast Masai Mara and Serengeti plains their home.

May & June
In late May, the herds leave the Western Corridor for the northern Serengeti plains and woodlands. The fresh, tender and mineral-rich pastures on the other side of the humans’ border, in Masai Mara, are the irresistible bait for the animals to finally invade the Kenyan reserve, an event which usually starts in late June to early July. The troops coming from the south meet here another migratory contingent: the resident wildebeest herds of the Mara region. These animals reside in the Loita Plains and Hills, northeast of the Mara, until the dry season brings the tougher days and it is time to seek the evergreen Mara basin.

July to October
Throughout the month of July, the herds cross the Sand River, a mostly dry tributary of the Mara which roughly follows the boundary line between Kenya and Tanzania. The parade takes the eastern sector of Masai Mara, surrounding the Keekorok Lodge area. The trek follows westward, leading the herds to face the major challenge along their quest: crossing the Mara river and frequently also its tributary, the Talek. By then, the rains at the Mau Escarpment, where the Mara rises, have fed the stream to its highest levels.

The steep banks are populated with trunk-looking basking crocodiles that seem almost to be expecting their annual banquet. The operation of fording the river is the most delicate along the migration, and as such seems to plunge the gnus in a state of anxiety that only relieves when the whole herd has crossed. The trekkers walk along the left (eastern) bank of the Mara looking for a suitable point to cross. There are plenty of preferred crossings along the course, which are easily identifiable by the lack of vegetation, the depressed slopes and the deep grooves carved by the animals’ hooves. These are the most secure places to ford the river, those that ensure a minimal mortality. Nonetheless, the apparent programming of the whole process sometimes seems to collapse, and the nervous herds occasionally choose places where the banks are too steep and many of the animals break their legs down the cliff or fall flat into the waters. The herds gather at the suitable points and wander around nervously, their grunts sounding loud in the air. Eventually, one animal takes the lead and approaches the rim, scanning the opposite edge to analyze if any danger awaits after the crossing. When it finally dives into the stream, this seems to haul the rest of the herd. More animals follow in a single line across the river, while the lagged ones throw themselves towards the stream until the rearguard pushes the troops to a frantic race that ends up with some animals trampled to death, lying aside the course.

New Jersey Immigration AttorneyLawyer

Getting immigration permission from the higher authorities of any country can be a hard task for those people who are planning to settle abroad. Therefore, it is necessary to seek an experienced immigration lawyer. Immigration is extremely critical so choosing the right qualified New Jersey immigration attorney will make the difference. One should always make sure to choose an attorney who is licensed to practice in the United States jurisdiction and is in good standing with the state bar of New Jersey.

If you are in New Jersey, USA then before hiring any Immigration Lawyer in New Jersey, you should make sure that the firm should be dedicated to protect your rights and should handle your case with the personal attention. Samuel D. Bornstein, P.A. gives full attention and support to their clients. Samuel D. Bornstein, P.A. provides the time to overcome the client’s requirement regarding the immigration case and their trained immigration lawyers quickly determine how to resolve your problems through the legal structure. From the very basic, family and business visas to the naturalization and deportation cases they provide the complete knowledge, information and experience to assist with all your immigration requirements.

The immigration lawyers of Samuel D. Bornstein, P.A. keenly recognizes the specified complications that can arise when involved with federal immigration regulations. In addition, as a New Jersey immigration lawyer, they know circumstances and confusion that can surround immigration, deportation, naturalization and other issues for you and your family members. Samuel D. Bornstein, P.A. helps individuals and businesses with all the manner of immigration, naturalization, deportation issues, including obtaining of temporary visas, etc. They offer the following services:

Family and Employment Based Cases Deportation & Removal All Visas and Consulate Processing Employment-Based Legal Permanent Residence Citizenship & Naturalization

Remember, with an experienced, focused, attentive, strategic and creative representation, you can resolve immigration issues efficiently. Proficient law firm and experts primarily concentrate on comprehensive details and gives personal attention to their clients. This approach provides an edge in obtaining a successful and an efficient resolution of both individual and business matters. Initial discussion of your immigration issue, to schedule a consultation or case evaluation could be extremely helpful. About The Author:

Author, Samuel D. Bornstein, is associated with the law firm () and has 40 years of experience in representing individuals and a wide variety of businesses from Fortune 100 companies that need specialized assistance to smaller companies that look to the firm as their “in house” lawyer for general day-to-day advice. The firm is experienced with transactional work and litigation, emphasizing corporate and partnership operations, employment and workplace law, professional negligence, malpractice matters, immigration, civil rights and real state matters and insurance defense.

Understanding the Data Mapping Requirements for Your Information Governance Toolkit Assessment

With information governance recognised as an essential part of managing an efficient and high quality business, it is vital that organisations and individuals understand the importance of the concept and understand the way in which information is handled and transferred into and out of their organisation. Vital to understanding your own information management processes is the act of data mapping. This is now a key element for NHS bodies looking to demonstrate compliance against the information governance (IG) Toolkit standards.

Data mapping is an effective way to chart the flow of information into and out of an organisation and subsequently identify any high risk areas, allowing for the development of guidance to minimise these risks. The IG toolkit suggests that there are four key elements that need to be considered when mapping data;

1. Data Type

According to the Information Governance Toolkit guidelines, the types of data that should be mapped include such items as:

– Appointment letters – Birth notifications – Adoption records – Employment records – Personnel records – Payslips – Client surveys

This list is by no means exhaustive and as you start to think about the data that moves into and out of your organisation, you will appreciate that there is a great deal of information transferred.

There is also specific guidance available on the types of data that do not need to be mapped, an exclusion list, this includes items such as:

– Telephone conversations – Face to face discussions – Video conferencing

2. Data Format

The next thing to consider is the format that data is stored and transferred in; this includes both digital and hard copy data such as letters, x-rays, MP3 files, CDs, emails

3. Transfer methods

Again, the way in which data is transferred can include anything from courier delivery, faxes and internal documents being carried by staff to another department.

4. Location

When considering locations you need to think exactly where data is coming from and where it is going to, both internally and externally. For example: Schools, patients’ homes, other NHS organisations or departments, prison services etc.

Once you have considered all of the above points the next step is to map all of the different combinations of the 4 elements so that ultimately you are able to produce a clear and easy to understand map of exactly what, how and where information is transferred.

But the task doesn’t stop there, the next step is to analyse this map to identify any high risk areas where information security procedures could potentially be breached, you should then go on to produce guidance to minimise these risks to ensure that following your data mapping exercise your systems and mechanisms for data transfer are secure, efficient and appropriate.

The IG toolkit guidance suggests that within smaller organisations, all of the above could be carried out by one individual, who knows all of the processes involved in transferring data. However in larger organisations it is advised that a number of individuals contribute to this exercise to ensure that knowledge around specific department practices and procedures is shared, to enable a full understanding of the data transfer processes throughout the organisation.

California Drought Update 2014

California is in its third year of little to no rain. Its interesting that as the East Coast was literally bombarded with rain and snow, we had virtually nothing. Water? What water?

Here in hot and sunny California, we are having the worst drought since the mid 1800s, according to National Geographic. As of today, nearly 60% of the state is declared to be in an “exceptional drought”. This is a title reserved for the most severe category.

We have had droughts in the past, obviously. This one, however, comes with a few surprises. Of small importance, the bottled water you are drinking may have come from this very dry and needy state! In more urgent matters, San Diego Scripps has declared that due to such severe dryness, the mountains have actually grown by one-half of an inch. Other scientists are declaring that it will affect the fault lines and we can expect more severe earthquakes, more often. In fact, we had one just yesterday.

What is being done about it? Is there anything that you can do about it? Save water, save water, save water! I do have some tips below.

One of the things that the state is concerned about is your watering habits. State Water Resources Control Board is handing out $500.00 fines for having green grass! In contrast to this, Glendora residents are being fined by the city for having dry grass! Be that as it may, it is best to minimize how and when you water your garden.

Another way the state is trying to conserve water is that for the first time in its history, the State Water Project, which supplies water to 25 million Californians and about 750,000 acres of farmland, will not be delivering any additional water later this year. This is a rationing, not a real solution to getting us more water.
Unfortunately, we at home will be forced to ration as well.

This is where you come in. Here are some tips on things you can do to conserve water.

Here are some great tips to water your house plants or potted plants:

1. If you run the water until it is hot, dont let it all just go “down the drain”. Save it in containers, then use that water to water your plants. I defrost my meat in warm – hot water in a container. The water is completely uncontaminated (I have the meat in baggies). I dump that water in to my potted plants. I also know someone who, while waiting for the shower water to heat up, takes a large container to catch that water. She, too, uses it to water her vegetable garden.

2.Dont just throw the leftover water in that water bottle away! Its also good for watering! Plants are not germaphobic!

3.Dropped an ice cube? Dont throw it away (why do we throw it into the sink?) Instead, put it into a plant.

4.Collect the water you use while rinsing vegetables and fruit. And do what? Thats right, water your plants!

Here are some other tested and true ways you can help:

1.Turn off the water while brushing your teeth. Doesnt seem like much, but while you are cleaning those pearly whites, several gallons of water is being wasted. Also use this technique while washing dishes by hand. Amazingly, studies show that washing dishes by hand uses more water than a dishwasher!

2.Use the washing machine and the dishwasher for full loads only.

3.Cook food in as little water as possible.

DHS Addiction To Ammunition Continues Unabated

If you must break the law, do it to seize power: in all other cases observe it. – Julius Caesar

Recently, New Jersey Representative Leonard Lance had reported to the American public in an Tea Party Rally that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has refused to account for the purchase of nearly 1.6 billion rounds of ammunition.gov against guns

In his concluding remarks, Lance stated, “I think we need to make sure we continue to live in a country based on freedom a country based on individual rights and I hope that we in Congress get the answers to these questions.”, with regards to the DHS purchases.

And the DHS is right back at buying more ammunition for the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, in particular, .40 caliber S&W Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) rounds. Since the start of 2013, two contracts were awarded in January and again in February.

In the two previous purchases, the request was 200,000 for each contract one of which has some potential fraud issues. This purchase is different, and requests 360,000 rounds.

LI 001: Ammunition, Commercial leaded training ammo (CLTA) Pistol .40 caliber 165 grain, jacketed hollow point (JHP)
p/n P40HSTS3G or equal Brass casing. Quantity of 360,000 rounds –
newly loaded unit price per 1000 rounds with FOB Destination., 360, CA

This recent contract holds the potential for fraud as well. On 18 March 2013, a request was made for a variety of small arms ammunition. Please note they are now displaying the total amounts of rounds being requested to avoid confusion:

LI 001: 45 Long Colt 250 gr. JHP total rounds 4000, 200, bx;
LI 002: 45 ACP 230GR JHP 1000 rounds per box total rounds 20,000, 20, mx;
LI 003: 22 LONG RIFLE CCI GREEN TAG COMPETITION RIMFIRE AMMUNITION total rounds 40,000, 400, bx;
LI 004: 30-30 160 gr. this is being used for a Government gun. total rounds 4,680, 234, bx;
LI 005: 12 GAUGE #8 BIRDSHOT WINCHESTER AA LIGHT TARGET AA128 total rounds 20,00, 80, bx;
LI 006: 410 GAUGE #9 WINCHESTER AA TARGET AA4109 total rounds 10,000, 40, bx;
LI 007: .357 MAGNUM 180 GRAIN JHP total rounds 6,000, 300, bx;
LI 008: 7.69X39MM 123 GRAIN total rounds 5,000, 250, bx;

Three days later, or yesterday, the solicitation was modified to alter some of the language only. Not the ammunition amounts.

Yesterday, the solicitation for the .40 caliber rounds was made and not integrated into the previous solicitation. The ammunition is to be delivered to the exact same location: Artesia, New Mexico. This creates more work and a would allow a contract to be “given” to a manufacturer who does not actually deliver a product yet provides a kickback or other forms of graft.

The .40 caliber is being requested by Procurement Specialist Linda Morrow, while the small arms ammunition is being handled by Procurement Technician Filipita Dennis. In the government food chain a specialist “out-ranks” a technician. In the solicitation for ammunition that potentially was fraudulent, Cynthia Doster, a Contracting Officer (out-ranks the first two) handled the request.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Commuter Student 2

Commuter students face many challenges and advantages in their daily course of literary merits. However, some of the problem can be avoided by the students.

First of all we the disadvantages, which the students, face include traffic jams. Many students have to get up with the traffic jams in their vicinity, in the morning, and evenings. The students sometimes end up coming to school late. Commuter students also face interferences along their way home and even at home. Some of this interference shift their attention from class work.

Commuter students also fail to get the student to student interaction which enhance academic work. Many of them do not see anyone to ask during the night in case of an assignment. These Students face another tough disadvantage, that of indiscipline. Many of commuter students tend to be involved in non academic activities while away from school.

Although commuter students have disadvantages, they also have advantages. Many commuter students have a reasonable opportunity to interact with their families. A family is considered to be an essential tool in growth and development of anyone. Commuter students have a greater opportunity to advance in their life by getting the opportunity to be with their family.
Commuter students have the power to change the monotony of school. By commuting home, these students have the opportunity to enjoy the external world from school. The students are able to develop other skills apart from those of at school.

The commuter students also have a rich opportunity to spend a double life. I mean the student are able to live as students as well as regular people .this is because they have a chance to experience both lifestyles. In conclusion, commuter students have a variety of life as well as advantages and disadvantages

Us Immigration And Business Law E2 Visas And Company Incorporation

This article will attempt to provide some brief insight into the E2 visa process and how it interacts with the process of incorporating an LLC in the United States of America.

The E2 visa is an employment based visa that provides the bearer with the opportunity to live and work in the United States in order to oversee and administer an investment in a trade or business enterprise. Those seeking an E2 visa are well advised to research the category thoroughly before making irrevocable decisions as the E2 visa’s issuance is predicated upon statutory language as well as various executive regulations and policies. Denial of an E2 visa application could prove costly in terms of time as well as resources.

Many who consider the possibility of an E2 visa find that an American Immigration attorney can prove very helpful by providing insight into the process and assistance in filling out relevant forms and compiling supporting documentation in an effort to ensure fast and efficient processing of either the petition submitted to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) or the visa application which is likely to be submitted to a United States Embassy or United States Consulate abroad. Those individuals who are already in the US and wish to change their visa status to the E-2 category will need to submit a petition to USCIS. More commonly, those living abroad wishing to travel to the US on an E2 visa should submit their visa application to a US Embassy or US Consulate abroad.

US company registration can be an important issue for people thinking about submitting an application for an E-2 visa. Unlike many jurisdictions in Asia, registration of a limited liability company in the United States is usually quite a smooth process for those who retain the services of an attorney trained in American corporate law. Those looking for information about an E-2 visa should note that the need for the visa ought to spring from a real business imperative. In short, the business incorporation should not be conducted as a pretext in an effort to simply obtain immigration benefits. The business concern that underlies the visa application should be bona fide and comport to certain rules and regulations. These rules and regulations come into play when a Consular Officer at a US Post abroad makes an adjudication based upon the merits of the E2 visa application.

The US visa process can be convoluted and cumbersome for those who do not understand U.S. Immigration law. Thus, assistance of experienced counsel is generally recommended in immigration matters especially where company registration plays a key role in the visa application process.

Hire the best attorney for successful Green card immigration

Are you in search of a competent green card lawyer? Well then you should behaving idea about how important this professional can be. Migration is difficult process but in case you need permanent citizenship of a country then you must have profile that comply all the lawful aspect regarding citizenship of that country. Green card immigration lawyer can help you handle the process which eventually allows you to become citizen of country. Getting green card is not an easy thing and if you don’t know rule and eligibility criterions then you may not get the desired results. So it is better that you hire an attorney who is a green card lawyer and have successfully helped people in this regard. But then how will you determine who is the lawyer that can be best for your needs?

For green card immigration a lawyer holds great value and you will be sharing many confidential details so looking for a trusted. Talk to people in your neighborhood, discuss with friends and colleagues and ask whether they know any Green card immigration attorney who specializes in green card processing. Getting referrals can actually be of great help since someone has already taken satisfactory service from that attorney so you will be left with only discussions related to fees. If at all you don’t find any good references for green card attorney then you can inquire in local attorney’s firm and start talks with lawyers. You can do bit of homework at home so while the lawyer discusses things with you understand them and you can also keep all the documents ready that are required in immigration.

You need to be eligible for getting green card and that criterion can be understood by a lawyer only, it will be wise if you study on that but if you lack with any parameters then, only a pro can help you out with the process. Many times people who are qualified are deferred green card only because their plea is not effective or they lack with documents so you surely don’t want this to happen with you. Today lawyers who are expert in green card immigration get clients through their personalized blogs and websites and they also put certain relevant information about immigration. So you can find such sites and go through the contents, you may like the rates and competence of lawyer as most of the attorneys display their profile so you can directly contact them if you think of hiring

Citizenship and Immigration

For many Americans, their U.S. citizenship issued at birth is something they dont think twice about. But for applying immigrants, citizenship is a serious goal.

Hopefully most American natural born citizens understand that citizenship is one of the most greatly desired gifts this countrys government can bestow on its citizens. For those of us who have not had to go through the process of becoming a U.S Citizen apart from being naturally born here, there is only one other way to become U.S. citizens and that is by the often times-lengthy process of what is known as “naturalization”.

Naturalization can often times be a complicated process so you should consult with an immigration lawyer rather than attempting this yourself. Even something as simple as travel within the country or state is something that a person needs to know the rules about and this is where an Immigration lawyer is needed so that you have someone to ask questions such as “How long does it take for USCIS to issue work permission and travel permission?” or “When should I renew my work and travel permission?”

Learning about your new country and its rights and the responsibilities that accompany citizenship is an important part of being a good citizen and at the USCIS and the Office of Citizenship they have developed a great amount of resources and a variety of educational materials that allow immigrants to learn more about U.S. history and government as they prepare for the naturalization test.

A final thought on the naturalization process; in addition to finding good counsel and being represented by an immigration lawyer, there are general requirements that the USCIS will look for by those who look to make our great country their home, to name just a few: good moral character, a knowledge and understanding of U.S. history and government, and favorable disposition toward the United States.